Manoeuvring and Generating Effects in the Information Environment

Forthcoming, Ducheine, Paul A.L., Osinga, Frans (Eds.) ‘Winning Without Killing: The Strategic and Operational Utility of Non-Kinetic Capabilities in Crises’. Springer Verlag/TMC Asser (Berlin/The Hague)

Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2017-30

Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2017-25

26 Pages Posted: 3 Jun 2017 Last revised: 16 Jun 2017

See all articles by P.A.L. Ducheine

P.A.L. Ducheine

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Center for International Law

Jelle van Haaster

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Center for International Law

Richard van Harskamp

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Center for International Law

Date Written: June 2, 2017

Abstract

This chapter aims to offer a framework for States in general and armed forces in particular for generating effects in or through the information environment by answering the question: “How to generate effects in or through the information environment and therefore, how to manoeuvre in this information environment?” This environment is part of the larger operational environment and consists of three dimensions: the cognitive, virtual and physical. These dimensions in turn host certain layers and these hold targetable entities. States can create effects in this environment by wielding the instruments at their disposal (diplomacy, informational, military and economic) for various purposes (anticipation, prevention, deterrence, protection, intervention, stabilization and normalization). In order to be able to do so, States must organise and equip themselves for manoeuvring in the information environment. To show that indeed States can use this environment, this chapter highlights some cases where an actor uses the information environment to great effect, being: the U.S. Election Information Campaign (2016) and the BlackEnergy operation (2015) in Ukraine. These cases are indicative of the potential of manoeuvring in the information environment by States and their armed forces.

Keywords: Cyber Operations, Cyberspace, Cyber Warfare, Information Operations, Information Warfare, Psychological Operations, Non-Kinetic Effects, National Interests, Strategic Interests

JEL Classification: K33, L86, L96n, N40, O30

Suggested Citation

Ducheine, P.A.L. and van Haaster, Jelle and van Harskamp, Richard, Manoeuvring and Generating Effects in the Information Environment (June 2, 2017). Forthcoming, Ducheine, Paul A.L., Osinga, Frans (Eds.) ‘Winning Without Killing: The Strategic and Operational Utility of Non-Kinetic Capabilities in Crises’. Springer Verlag/TMC Asser (Berlin/The Hague), Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2017-30, Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2017-25, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2979287

P.A.L. Ducheine (Contact Author)

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Center for International Law ( email )

P.O. Box 1030
Amsterdam, 1000 BA
Netherlands

Jelle Van Haaster

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Center for International Law

P.O. Box 1030
Amsterdam, 1000 BA
Netherlands

Richard Van Harskamp

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Center for International Law

P.O. Box 1030
Amsterdam, 1000 BA
Netherlands

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