Food Security, Livelihood, Health and Coping Mechanism Scenario in Disaster Prone Villages of Bangladesh
12 Pages Posted: 3 Jun 2017 Last revised: 24 Jun 2017
Date Written: February 28, 2017
Coastal areas of Bangladesh more vulnerable in terms of climate change, and coastal zone experience the adversative consequence of natural disaster. The whole seaside region is affected by ferocious storm and tropical cyclones during pre-monsoon and post-monsoon season. Bangladesh coastal zone could be labeled a geographical “death trap” due to its extreme helplessness to cyclones and storm surges. Consequences of the natural disaster lasting for long tenure in coastal areas which negatively affected food security, people lives and health condition. People of this areas face challenges to cope with a post-disaster situation where they applied their community-based knowledge to overcome the most terrible condition. This study commissioned for analyze and evaluate the post-disaster situation in the coastal zone and evaluate the entire scenario of food security, livelihood, health and coping strategies. Utmost disaster affected two coastal villages from Khulna district had been picked as a study area. In this study exclusively survey method was applied and primary data were collected through interview schedule and focused group discussion. Basically interview conducted with the household heads and sample drawn by applied simple random sampling techniques. Specifically focused group discussion was conducted with household heads to realize the coping mechanism to counter food insecurity. Descriptive statistics employed as quantitative data analysis; whereas, thematic investigation was applied in qualitative analysis. In this study, basically focused on the household food consumption pattern, sources of basic food components, household status of food storage by own production, status of food shortage and reason of food shortage, the impact of food shortage and food security, post-disaster health problem. Exclusively identified household coping strategy severity as ranked by community people and household coping mechanism by community people.
Keywords: Bangladesh, Coping Mechanism, Disaster, Food Security, Livelihood
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