War During Childhood: The Long Run Effects of Warfare on Health
48 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2017
This paper estimates the causal long-term consequences of an exposure to war in utero and during childhood on the risk of obesity and the probability of having a chronic health condition in adulthood. Using the plausibly exogenous city-by-cohort variation in the intensity of WWII destruction as a unique quasi-experiment, I find that individuals who were exposed to WWII destruction during the prenatal and early postnatal periods have higher BMIs and are more likely to be obese as adults. I also find an elevated incidence of chronic health conditions such as stroke, hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disorder in adulthood among these wartime children.
Keywords: warfare, body size, health conditions, children
JEL Classification: I10, I12, J13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation