Economic Conditions at Birth and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Adulthood: Evidence from New Cohorts

24 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2017

See all articles by Rob Alessie

Rob Alessie

Utrecht University - School of Economics; VU University Amsterdam - Department of Economics

Viola Angelini

University of Groningen - Faculty of Economics and Business; Netspar

Gerard J. van den Berg

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Tinbergen Institute

Jochen O. Mierau

University of Groningen; Netspar

Laura Viluma

University of Groningen

Abstract

Most of the literature that exploits business cycle variation at birth to study long-run effects of economic conditions on health later in life is based on pre-1940 birth cohorts. They were born in times where social safety nets were largely absent and they grew up in societies with relatively low female labor force participation. We complement the evidence from this literature by exploiting post-1950 regional business cycle variations in the Netherlands to study effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in adulthood, by gender. We operationalize CVD risk by constructing the Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) index from an extensive set of biomarkers. The data are from a large cohort study covering socio-economic, biological and health data from over 75k individuals aged between 18 and 63. We conclude that women born in adverse economic conditions experience higher CVD risk.

Keywords: early-life conditions, developmental origins, recession, health, unemployment, long-run effects, biomarkers

JEL Classification: I10, I15, J11

Suggested Citation

Alessie, R.J.M. (Rob) and Angelini, Viola and van den Berg, Gerard J. and Mierau, Jochen O. and Viluma, Laura, Economic Conditions at Birth and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Adulthood: Evidence from New Cohorts. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10810. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2979957

R.J.M. (Rob) Alessie (Contact Author)

Utrecht University - School of Economics ( email )

Kriekenpitplein 21-22
Adam Smith Building
Utrecht, 3584 EC
Netherlands
31 30 253 9814 (Phone)
31 30 253 7373 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www2.econ.uu.nl/users/alessie/

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
1081 HV Amsterdam
Netherlands
+31 20 444 6047 (Phone)
+31 20 444 6005 (Fax)

Viola Angelini

University of Groningen - Faculty of Economics and Business ( email )

Postbus 72
9700 AB Groningen
Netherlands

Netspar ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

Gerard J. Van den Berg

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
1081 HV Amsterdam
Netherlands
+31 20 444 6132 (Phone)
+32 20 444 6020 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Tinbergen Institute

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

Jochen O. Mierau

University of Groningen ( email )

P.O. Box 800
9700 AV Groningen
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.rug.nl/staff/j.o.mierau

Netspar

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

Laura Viluma

University of Groningen ( email )

P.O. Box 800
9700 AH Groningen, Groningen 9700 AV
Netherlands

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