Reforms of Environmental Policies in the Presence of Cross-Border Pollution and Two-Stage-Clean-Up
27 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2002
Date Written: January 2002
We construct a two-country model where pollution from production is transmitted across borders. Pollution abatement is undertaken sequentially by private producers and the public sector. We characterize the Nash optimal levels of the policy instruments in the two countries: emission taxes and funds allocated for public abatement activities. We examine the implications of a number of multilateral policy reforms. One of our findings is that the magnitude of the beneficial effect of a reform depends on the scope of the reform, and if it is restricted to a subset of policy instruments, then the efficacy of environmental policy reform can be greatly undermined.
Keywords: Cross-border Pollution, Private Pollution Abatement, Public Pollution Abatement, Multilateral Policy Reform
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