Winning Connections? Special Interests and the Sale of Failed Banks
62 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2017 Last revised: 8 Apr 2022
Date Written: April 1, 2022
We study how banks’ special interests affect the resolution of failed banks. Using a sample of FDIC auctions between 2007 and 2016, we find that bidding banks that lobby regulators have a higher probability of winning an auction. However, the FDIC incurs larger costs in such auctions, amounting to 24.8 percent of the total resolution losses. We also show that lobbying winners match less well with acquired banks and display worse post-acquisition performance than their non-lobbying counterparts, suggesting that lobbying interferes with an efficient allocation of failed banks. Our results provide new insights into the bank resolution process and the role of special interests.
Keywords: auction, bank resolution, board connections, failed banks, financial crisis, lobbying, rent seeking, special interests
JEL Classification: D72, E65, G18, G21
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