The Good, the Bad and the Different: Can Gender Quotas Raise the Quality of Politicians?

26 Pages Posted: 6 Jun 2017

See all articles by Paulo Júlio

Paulo Júlio

Bank of Portugal

José Tavares

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Nova School of Business and Economics

Date Written: July 2017

Abstract

The debate over political gender quotas is unduly confined to a supposed trade‐off between diversity and competence. We characterize the effects of a political gender quota in a citizen‐candidate model, to find that quotas do increase the overall quality of those elected whenever the rewards from public office are high, or the skill premium or political gender discrimination are sufficiently low. In such cases, high‐skill women candidates run for office in sufficiently high numbers, driving off low‐skill male and female candidates. Our model compares quotas with other policies in terms of their impact on the number and quality of those elected.

Suggested Citation

Júlio, Paulo and Tavares, José, The Good, the Bad and the Different: Can Gender Quotas Raise the Quality of Politicians? (July 2017). Economica, Vol. 84, Issue 335, pp. 454-479, 2017, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2981364 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecca.12222

Paulo Júlio (Contact Author)

Bank of Portugal ( email )

Rua Francisco Ribeiro, 2
Lisbon, 1150-165
Portugal

José Tavares

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Nova School of Business and Economics ( email )

Campus de Carcavelos
Rua da Holanda, 1
Carcavelos, 2775-405
Portugal

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