Economics of Antibiotic Use in U.S. Livestock Production

USDA, Economic Research Report Number 200, November 2015

100 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2017

See all articles by Stacy Sneeringer

Stacy Sneeringer

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

James M. MacDonald

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Nigel Key

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

William D. McBride

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Kenneth Mathews

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Date Written: June 6, 2017

Abstract

Farmers use antibiotics to treat, prevent, and control animal diseases and increase the productivity of animals and operations. However, there is concern that routine antibiotic use in livestock will contribute to antimicrobial-resistant pathogens, with repercussions for human and animal health. Given these concerns, pressure to limit antibiotic uses for purposes other than disease treatment is mounting. Changes in use will lead to a series of adjustments in animal agriculture as producers change production practices, with potential repercussions for prices and volumes in livestock markets. This report addresses the following questions: How widely are antibiotics used in the livestock industries? How could the current structure of the livestock industry influence the effects of restrictions on certain uses of antibiotics? How might the restriction of antibiotics affect production and costs at the animal and farm levels? How might those impacts affect production and prices in markets?

Keywords: Antibiotics, livestock, United States, economics, prices, feed efficiency, production purposes, antimicobials, growth promotion, policy analysis, disease prevention

JEL Classification: Q10

Suggested Citation

Sneeringer, Stacy and MacDonald, James M. and Key, Nigel and McBride, William D. and Mathews, Kenneth, Economics of Antibiotic Use in U.S. Livestock Production (June 6, 2017). USDA, Economic Research Report Number 200, November 2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2981692

Stacy Sneeringer (Contact Author)

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
(202) 694-5504 (Phone)

James M. MacDonald

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
(202) 694-5610 (Phone)

Nigel Key

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
(202) 694-5567 (Phone)

William D. McBride

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
(202) 694-5577 (Phone)

Kenneth Mathews

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
(202) 694-5183 (Phone)

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