What Do Unions Do for Mothers? Paid Maternity Leave Use and the Multifaceted Roles of Labor Unions

41 Pages Posted: 8 Jun 2017

See all articles by Tae-Youn Park

Tae-Youn Park

Vanderbilt University - Organizational Behavior

Eun-Suk Lee

KAIST College of Business

John W. Budd

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management

Date Written: June 6, 2017

Abstract

The authors present a four-fold conceptual framework of union roles for enhancing workers’ paid maternity leave use, consisting of availability, awareness, affordability, and assurance. Using a panel data set constructed from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, workers represented by unions are found to be at least 16 percent more likely to use paid maternity leave than comparable non-union workers. Additional results suggest that availability, awareness, and affordability contribute to this differential leave-taking. The authors also document a post-leave wage growth penalty for paid leave-takers, but do not find a significant union-nonunion difference.

Keywords: labor unions, maternity leave, family-friendly policies

JEL Classification: J51, J13, J16

Suggested Citation

Park, Tae-Youn and Lee, Eun-Suk and Budd, John W., What Do Unions Do for Mothers? Paid Maternity Leave Use and the Multifaceted Roles of Labor Unions (June 6, 2017). Vanderbilt Owen Graduate School of Management Research Paper No. 2981956. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2981956 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2981956

Tae-Youn Park

Vanderbilt University - Organizational Behavior ( email )

401 12st Ave S
Office 326
Nashville, TN Tennessee 37203
United States
6153224852 (Phone)

Eun-Suk Lee

KAIST College of Business ( email )

85 Hoegiro Dongdaemun-Gu
Seoul 130-722, 130-722
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

John W. Budd (Contact Author)

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management ( email )

321 19th Avenue South
Center for Human Resources and Labor Studies
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States
612-624-0357 (Phone)
612-624-8360 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.johnwbudd.com

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