An ‘Algorithmic Links with Probabilities’ Concordance for Trademarks with an Application Towards Bilateral IP Flows

30 Pages Posted: 8 Jun 2017

See all articles by Nikolas Jason Zolas

Nikolas Jason Zolas

U.S. Census Bureau - Center for Economic Studies; University of California, Davis

Travis J. Lybbert

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Prantik Bhattacharyya

Klout

Date Written: June 2017

Abstract

Trademarks (TMs) shape the competitive landscape of markets for goods and services in all countries. As a key element of branding, they can inform consumers about the quality and content of goods and services. Yet, researchers are largely unable to conduct rigorous empirical analysis of TMs in the global economy because TM data and economic data are organised differently and cannot be analysed jointly at the industry or sector level. We propose an ‘algorithmic links with probabilities’ (ALP) approach to match TM data to economic data and enable joint analysis with these data. Specifically, we construct a NICE class‐level concordance that maps TM data into trade and industry categories forward and backward. This concordance allows researchers to analyse differences in TM usage across both economic and TM sectors. We apply this ALP concordance for TMs to characterise patterns in TM registrations across countries and industries and to investigate some key determinants of international technology flows by comparing bilateral TM registrations and bilateral patent grants. We find that international patenting and TM flows are jointly determined by trade‐related influences with significant differences in intellectual property usage across industry sectors and income levels.

Suggested Citation

Zolas, Nikolas Jason and Lybbert, Travis J. and Bhattacharyya, Prantik, An ‘Algorithmic Links with Probabilities’ Concordance for Trademarks with an Application Towards Bilateral IP Flows (June 2017). The World Economy, Vol. 40, Issue 6, pp. 1184-1213, 2017, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2982699 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/twec.12382

Nikolas Jason Zolas (Contact Author)

U.S. Census Bureau - Center for Economic Studies ( email )

4700 Silver Hill Road
Washington, DC 20233
United States

University of California, Davis ( email )

One Shields Avenue
Apt 153
Davis, CA 95616
United States

Travis J. Lybbert

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics ( email )

One Shields Avenue
Davis, CA 95616
United States

Prantik Bhattacharyya

Klout

San Francisco, CA
United States

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