Schooling and Learning Deficits: A Simple Unified Measurement Framework
46 Pages Posted: 12 Jun 2017
Date Written: May 4, 2017
There exists no unified measurement framework that encompasses and integrates schooling and learning deficits – arguably the two most important education challenges in most developing countries. This paper offers a methodology that fills this gap. Using the notions of age-appropriate grade, actual grade, and effective grade for a school-age child, we develop an integrated framework offering a range of schooling, learning and education deprivation measures which also build in distributional considerations. The paper illustrates the value-added of the measurement framework for education policy and evaluation with an application to recent data for India.
Keywords: schooling deficit, learning deficit, education deprivation, India
JEL Classification: I2, O15
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