Career Onion: Peeling Off the Layers for Occupational Preferences and Career Aspirations

10 Pages Posted: 12 Jun 2017 Last revised: 15 Jun 2017

See all articles by Samiah Ahmed

Samiah Ahmed

National College of Business Administration and Economics (NCBA&E)

Alia Ahmed

National College of Business Administration and Economics (NCBA&E)

Date Written: June 8, 2017

Abstract

Vocational psychology carts away the vocational behavior regarding the occupational preferences of every individual, which commences at the period of adolescence. These occupational or vocational preferences are shaped or crystallized through career guidance and theories, which further help an adolescent to climb the career ladder towards achieving career aspirations and success. This research article, focuses mainly on five theories, self-concept development theory, valence-instrumentality-expectancy theory, theory of work adjustment, tournament theory and Maslow hierarchy of needs theory, which help the adolescents with the occupational preferences, assist in climbing the career ladder from growth stage to retirement stage, ultimately resulting in achieving career aspirations. Furthermore, researchers reveal the differences among these theories highlighting unique features of every theory in predicting occupational or career preferences. Researchers also draw the career onion, where every layer of the career onion depicts that every adolescent peels off each career layer (starting from the growth stage until he eventually peels off the last layer of the retirement age) to achieve career self-actualization.

Keywords: career onion, occupational preference, career theories, adolescence

Suggested Citation

Ahmed, Samiah and Ahmed, Alia, Career Onion: Peeling Off the Layers for Occupational Preferences and Career Aspirations (June 8, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2982945 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2982945

Samiah Ahmed (Contact Author)

National College of Business Administration and Economics (NCBA&E) ( email )

40/E-1, Gulberg-III
National College of Business Administration & Econ
Lahore, Punjab 54660
Pakistan

Alia Ahmed

National College of Business Administration and Economics (NCBA&E) ( email )

40/E-1, Gulberg-III
National College of Business Administration & Econ
Lahore, Punjab 54660
Pakistan

HOME PAGE: http://www.ncbae.edu.pk/

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