Gender and Dynastic Political Recruitment

55 Pages Posted: 13 Jun 2017 Last revised: 4 Jun 2019

See all articles by Olle Folke

Olle Folke

Uppsala University - Department of Government

Johanna Karin Rickne

Stockholm University - Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI)

Daniel M. Smith

Harvard University - Department of Government

Date Written: June 2, 2019

Abstract

Throughout history and across countries, women appear more likely than men to enter politics on the heels of a close relative or spouse. We introduce a theoretical explanation that can help to explain this dynastic bias in gender representation by integrating political selection decisions with informational inequalities across social groups. Legislator-level data from twelve democracies and candidate-level data from Sweden and Ireland support the idea that dynastic ties are differentially more helpful to women seeking to win elections, and that the quality of predecessors is more relevant for the evaluation of female successors than their male counterparts. The role of informational inequalities in explaining the dynastic bias in gender representation is also reflected in a declining bias over time and a differential effect of the introduction of a gender quota in Sweden across municipalities with varying levels of ex ante gender representation.

Keywords: Dynasties, Gender Representation, Gender Quota, Sweden, Ireland

JEL Classification: D72

Suggested Citation

Folke, Olle and Rickne, Johanna Karin and Smith, Daniel M., Gender and Dynastic Political Recruitment (June 2, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2985230 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2985230

Olle Folke

Uppsala University - Department of Government ( email )

Scheelev├Ągen 15 D
SE-223 70
Lund
Sweden

Johanna Karin Rickne

Stockholm University - Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI) ( email )

Kyrkgatan 43B
SE-106 91 Stockholm
Sweden

Daniel M. Smith (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Department of Government ( email )

1737 Cambridge Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/danielmarkhamsmith

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