Roots of Autocracy
106 Pages Posted: 19 Jun 2017
Exploiting a novel geo-referenced data set of population diversity across ethnic groups, this research advances the hypothesis and empirically establishes that variation in population diversity across human societies, as determined in the course of the exodus of humans from Africa tens of thousands of years ago, contributed to the differential formation of pre-colonial autocratic institutions within ethnic groups and the emergence of autocratic institutions across countries. Diversity has amplified the importance of institutions in mitigating the adverse effects of non-cohesiveness on productivity, while contributing to the scope for domination, leading to the formation of institutions of the autocratic type.
Keywords: autocracy, economic growth, diversity, institutions, Out-of-Africa Hypothesis of Comparative Development
JEL Classification: O1, O43, Z10
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