Women Make Houses, Women Make Homes

55 Pages Posted: 19 Jun 2017

See all articles by Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel

Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Melanie Khamis

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Mutlu Yuksel

Dalhousie University; IZA

Abstract

This paper examines the persistent effects of historical labor market institutions and policies on women's long-term labor market outcomes. We quantify these enduring effects by exploring quasi-experimental variation in Germany's post-World War II mandatory reconstruction policy, which compelled women to work in the rubble removal and reconstruction process. Using difference-in-differences and instrumental variable approaches, we find that mandatory employment during the postwar era generated persistent adverse effects on women's long-term labor market outcomes. An increase in marriage and fertility rates in the postwar era and a physical and mental exhaustion associated with manual labor are some of the direct and indirect channels potentially explaining our results.

Keywords: historical institutions, female labor supply, occupational choice

JEL Classification: J16, J24, N34

Suggested Citation

Akbulut-Yuksel, Mevlude and Khamis, Melanie and Yuksel, Mutlu and Yuksel, Mutlu, Women Make Houses, Women Make Homes. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10830, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2988177

Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel (Contact Author)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Melanie Khamis

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Mutlu Yuksel

Dalhousie University ( email )

Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 3J5
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://myweb.dal.ca/mt899590/

IZA ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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