Innovation Worth Buying: The Fair-Value of Innovation Benchmarks and Proxies
45 Pages Posted: 22 Jun 2017
Date Written: June 21, 2017
Innovation is notoriously hard to measure. Using a novel data set of the appraised value of itemized firm intangibles, we benchmark the validity of the many innovation proxies used in multiple literatures. This approach more accurately validates and calibrates the economic value of existing measures. We find that trademark counts, as well as the market response to new patents, are both significant and consistent predictors of innovation. However, our results indicate that three other commonly used proxies—patent count, citation-weighted patent count, and research and development expenditure—are not robust measures for the value of innovation but may capture the value of the advances a firm has already developed. Finally, we find that the appraiser valuations of identified brand innovations and in-process technology are consistent with the market’s pricing but that this is not true for developed technological assets.
Keywords: Innovation, Fair-Value, Accounting, Patents, Trademarks, Trade Secrets, in-process technology, Technology
JEL Classification: O3, O31, O32, O33, G34, G32, M4, M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation