Effect of Hands-On Activities on Achievement and Retention of Senior Secondary Chemistry Students in Stoichiometry
Journal of the International Centre for Science Humanities and Education Research, Vol 2, No 2 (Dec, 2016). Pp 54-59
6 Pages Posted: 23 Jun 2017 Last revised: 2 Jul 2017
Date Written: February 21, 2017
The research was on the effect of hands-on activities on achievement and retention of senior secondary chemistry students in stoichiometry. A sample of 292 students from eight purposively selected secondary schools out of a population of 8,381 Senior Secondary II students from zone C of Benue State, Nigeria was used for the study. The study adopted quasi-experimental research design. The instrument used for data collection was Stoichiometry Achievement Test (SAT) with the reliability value of 0.92 using Pearson Product Moment Coefficient. Two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. The research questions were answered using Mean and Standard Deviation scores while the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The study revealed that students taught stoichiometry using hands-on activities had significantly higher mean achievement scores than those taught using demonstration method (F=555.374, P(0.0001<0.05) and students taught stoichiometry using hands-on activities had significantly higher mean retention scores than those taught using demonstration method (F=117.523, P(0.0001<0.05). It was recommended that since hands-on activities method was found to be an effective method for improving students’ achievement and retention in stoichiometry; Chemistry teacher’s trainee should be trained on the use of hands-on activities and serving teachers should be encourage to use it.
Keywords: Effect, hands-on activities, achievement, retention, stoichiometry
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