对公司法合同进路的反思 (Rethinking the Contractarian Theory of Corporate Law)
13 Pages Posted: 29 Jun 2017 Last revised: 6 Aug 2017
Date Written: June 24, 2017
Chinese Abstract: 近年来，法经济学上的公司契约理论传入我国，对于我国公司法影响深远。由于该理论将公司视为一组契约的联结，我国现实中出现在理解与适用公司法时采用合同法进路的倾向。实际上，经济学意义上的契约概念并不等同于法学意义上的合同概念，在程序和实体要件上都有重大区别，具有长期性、不完备性和权威要素等特殊品质。除了公司契约论之外，还有其他关于公司和公司法本质的理论，包括公司的团体生产理论、公司社区论和公司宪政论等，对于公司契约论进行了挑战和修正，为理解和适用公司法提供了不同的视角。因此，不能对于公司法直接采用合同法的解释和分析进路，无论在实然还是应然层面，契约自由原则在公司法中的适用都是有限度的，公司法体现出异于合同法的品性，具有其独特的功能。
English Abstract: In recent years, the contractarian theory of corporate law has been introduced into China and has had significant influence in shaping the Chinese corporate law. As the contractarian theory views the company as a next of contracts, there is a misconception that the interpretation and application of corporate law can be directly based on contract law and even that corporate law can be simply replaced by contract law. This paper provides a critical reflection on it. To begin with, it argues that the concept of contract as used in the contractarian theory by economists is not the same as that in the law field. Further, it points out that apart from the contractarian theory, there are other important theories which competes with or complements the contractarian theory, such as team production theory, communitarian theory and constitutionalism theory. China should look at all these theories and take into account its local conditions when making and applying its company law.
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Keywords: 公司契约理论；强制性；任意性; 法经济学 Contractarian theory of corporate law, mandatory provisions, voluntary provisions, law and econmics
JEL Classification: K22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation