Critical Analysis of Divergent Approaches to Protection of Personal Data
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science, ISSN No. 0976-5697, Volume 8, No. 7, July-August 2017
6 Pages Posted: 26 Jun 2017 Last revised: 20 Aug 2017
Date Written: June 24, 2017
The protection of privacy and confidentiality of personal data generated on internet at residence and in motion within and across the border is a cause of concern. The European Union and United States have adopted divergent approaches to this issue mainly due to varying socio-cultural backgrounds. With the globalisation of businesses facilitated by internet revolution, the economic considerations out-weighed the rights consideration, and the right based approach started buckling the pressure of economic based approach but was checked by the Schrem’s case. The negotiation under TTP and TTIP has a tendency to forgo the privacy rights of the individuals over business considerations in tune with the US tactics of weakening the privacy laws through Free Trade Agreements. It has been demonstrated that a balanced approach in which individual control over data is desirable but should not be absolute, control rights are reinforced by structural safeguards or architectural controls would be desirable.
Keywords: Personal Data, Internet Governance, Right to Privacy, Data Privacy Protection, Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), Protection of Privacy
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