The U.S. Demographic Transition

Posted: 26 Feb 2002

See all articles by Jeremy Greenwood

Jeremy Greenwood

University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Ananth Seshadri

University of Wisconsin - Madison - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

Between 1800 and 1940 the U.S. went through a dramatic demographic transition. In 1800 the average woman had 7 children, and 94 percent of the population lived in rural areas. By 1940 the average woman birthed just 2 kids, and only 43 percent of populace lived in the country. The question is: What accounted for this shift in the demographic landscape? The answer given here is that technological progress in agriculture and manufacturing explains these facts.

Keywords: fertility, technological progress, agriculture, manufacturing

JEL Classification: E1, J1, O3

Suggested Citation

Greenwood, Jeremy and Seshadri, Ananth, The U.S. Demographic Transition. American Economic Review, Papers & Proceeding 2002. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=299280

Jeremy Greenwood (Contact Author)

University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics ( email )

Ronald O. Perelman Center for Political Science
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HOME PAGE: http://jeremygreenwood.net

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Ananth Seshadri

University of Wisconsin - Madison - Department of Economics ( email )

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Madison, WI 53706
United States
608-262-6196 (Phone)
608-263-3876 (Fax)

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