High Performance Work Systems, Cultures and Gender Demography

Pichler, S., Varma, A., Yu, A., Beenen, G., & Davoudpour, S. (2014). High performance work systems, cultures and gender demography. Employee Relations, 36(6), 693-707.

Posted: 28 Jun 2017

See all articles by Shaun Pichler

Shaun Pichler

California State University, Fullerton - Department of Management

Arup Varma

Loyola University of Chicago

Andrew Yu

Michigan State University, The Eli Broad College of Business and The Eli Broad Graduate School of Management, Students

Gerard Beenen

California State University, Fullerton - Department of Management

Shahin Davoudpour

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: April 22, 2014

Abstract

We develop and test hypotheses about the independent relationships between high performance work systems (HPWS) and high performance work cultures (HPWC) and employee turnover. Given the growth of women in the workforce, we also develop competing predictions about how organizational gender demography (i.e., a higher percentage of women) may either strengthen or weaken the relationship of HPWSs to turnover. We found HPWS and HPWC are associated with lower turnover, though the relationship between HPWC and turnover was stronger. Results also indicate that HPWS are more (less) strongly related to turnover among organizations that employ relatively more (less) women. This indicates that HPWS may not be universalistic in terms of their effectiveness specifically as related to turnover. Our findings suggest firms should consider how their cultures, use of high performance work practices and gender demography are related to important HR metrics such as turnover.

Keywords: High Performance Work Systems, Women, Human Resources Management

Suggested Citation

Pichler, Shaun and Varma, Arup and Yu, Andrew and Beenen, Gerard and Davoudpour, Shahin, High Performance Work Systems, Cultures and Gender Demography (April 22, 2014). Pichler, S., Varma, A., Yu, A., Beenen, G., & Davoudpour, S. (2014). High performance work systems, cultures and gender demography. Employee Relations, 36(6), 693-707., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2992966

Shaun Pichler (Contact Author)

California State University, Fullerton - Department of Management ( email )

United States

Arup Varma

Loyola University of Chicago

25 East Pearson Street
Chicago, IL 60611
United States

Andrew Yu

Michigan State University, The Eli Broad College of Business and The Eli Broad Graduate School of Management, Students ( email )

East Lansing, MI
United States

Gerard Beenen

California State University, Fullerton - Department of Management ( email )

United States

Shahin Davoudpour

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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