Western Denial and Russian Control: How Russia's National Security Strategy Threatens a Western Based Approach to Global Security, the Rule of Law and Globalization
Polish Political Science Yearbook, 46(1), (2017), p. 9–29. DOI: 10.15804/ppsy2017101
21 Pages Posted: 28 Jun 2017
Date Written: May 27, 2017
The Russian National Security Strategy of 2015 aims at achieving autarky from Western influences on global security, the rule of law and global trade. Russia aims at attaining this by applying a holistic mix of military, political and economic means to weaken the West and to strengthen its own role as a global player. The Russian approach builds on a strategy of reflexive control which as such is an old method, but the outcome of the application of this approach results in hybrid warfare which as such is a new emerging concept of warfighting. This short article looks at one particular aspect of this Russian strategy, namely using Hybrid, or non-linear, Warfare against its Western direct neighbours in particular and the West in general. We will discuss the underlying cultural logic in Russia's actions and will reflect on the impact of Russia's utilization of the existing cultural asymmetry as a form of warfare in regard to the West. The examples used in this text are taken from the context of the conflicts of Ukraine and Syria, but have to be seen as constituting a part of an ongoing global conflict aimed at NATO and the EU. The text builds on years of research within the hybrid threat, warfare respectively, context by both authors.
Keywords: Hybrid warfare, national security policies, East-West conﬂict, NATO pol-icy and doctrines, exploitation of cultural asymmetries, disinformation strategies, state vulnerabilities, reﬂexive control
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