Residential House Prices, Commercial Real Estate and Bank Failures
41 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2017
Date Written: June 29, 2017
The Great Recession resulted in bank failures that exceeded the savings and loan (S&L) crisis in terms of percentage of institutions and the volume of assets of banks that failed. While much of the literature focuses “subprime” mortgages and its role in this financial crisis, we focus on the effects of residential housing prices. While construction and development loans have typically been a major cause of bank failures, we show that regional residential house prices and construction and land development loans are significant in explaining bank failures through 2011 but the regional residential house price movements have been significant through 2015. Furthermore, we show how the regional residential house price index (HPI) values have significant effects over the Great Recession, particularly in the South Atlantic and Pacific states (better known as the “sand states”).
Keywords: Banking, Crisis, Lending
JEL Classification: B26, G20, G21, G28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation