Who Wants to Hire a More Diverse Faculty? A Conjoint Analysis of Faculty and Student Preferences for Gender and Racial/Ethnic Diversity

Politics, Groups, and Identities, Forthcoming, DOI: 10.1080/21565503.2018.1491866

49 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2017 Last revised: 6 Oct 2018

See all articles by John M. Carey

John M. Carey

Dartmouth College

Kevin Carman

University of Nevada, Reno

Katherine Clayton

Dartmouth College

Yusaku Horiuchi

Dartmouth College - Department of Government

Mala N. Htun

University of New Mexico - Department of Political Science

Brittany Ortiz

University of New Mexico

Date Written: June 8, 2018

Abstract

What explains the scarcity of women and under-represented minorities among university faculty relative to their share of Ph.D. recipients? Among many potential explanations, we focus on the ``demand'' side of faculty diversity. Using fully randomized conjoint analysis, we explore patterns of support for, and resistance to, the hiring of faculty candidates from different social groups at two large public universities in the U.S. We find that faculty are strongly supportive of diversity: holding other attributes of (hypothetical) candidates constant, for example, faculty at both universities are between 11 to 21 percentage points more likely to prefer a Hispanic, black, or Native American candidate to a white one. Furthermore, preferences for diversity in faculty hiring are stronger among faculty than among students. These results suggest that the primary reason for the lack of diversity among faculty is not a lack of desire to hire them, but the accumulation of implicit and institutionalized biases, and their related consequences, at later stages in the pipeline.

Keywords: higher education, diversity, race and ethnicity, gender, hiring, conjoint analysis

JEL Classification: I23, I24

Suggested Citation

Carey, John Michael and Carman, Kevin and Clayton, Katherine and Horiuchi, Yusaku and Htun, Mala N. and Ortiz, Brittany, Who Wants to Hire a More Diverse Faculty? A Conjoint Analysis of Faculty and Student Preferences for Gender and Racial/Ethnic Diversity (June 8, 2018). Politics, Groups, and Identities, Forthcoming, DOI: 10.1080/21565503.2018.1491866 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2995171 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2995171

John Michael Carey

Dartmouth College ( email )

Department of Sociology
Hanover, NH 03755
United States
603 646 1130 (Phone)
603 646 2154 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.dartmouth.edu/~jcarey

Kevin Carman

University of Nevada, Reno ( email )

Clark Administration, Room 110
Reno, NV 89557
United States

Katherine Clayton

Dartmouth College ( email )

Hinman Box 3936
Dartmouth College
Hanover, NH 03755
United States

Yusaku Horiuchi (Contact Author)

Dartmouth College - Department of Government ( email )

204 Silsby Hall
HB 6108
Hanover, NH 03755
United States

HOME PAGE: http://sites.dartmouth.edu/horiuchi/

Mala N. Htun

University of New Mexico - Department of Political Science ( email )

Albuquerque, NM
United States

Brittany Ortiz

University of New Mexico ( email )

No Address Available

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