Hilbert Transform, Spectral Filtering and Option Pricing
30 Pages Posted: 4 Jul 2017
Date Written: June 29, 2017
We show how spectral filtering techniques can improve the convergence of numerical schemes which use discrete Hilbert transforms based on a sinc function expansion, and thus ultimately on the fast Fourier transform. This is relevant, for example, for the computation of fluctuation identities, which give the distribution of the maximum or the minimum of a random path, or the joint distribution at maturity with the extrema staying below or above barriers. We use as examples the methods by Feng and Linetsky (2008) and Fusai, Germano and Marazzina (2016) to price discretely monitored barrier options where the underlying asset price is modelled by a Lévy process. Both methods show exponential convergence with respect to the number of grid points in most cases, but are limited to polynomial convergence under certain conditions. We relate these rates of convergence to the Gibbs phenomenon for Fourier transforms and achieve improved results with spectral filtering.
Keywords: Double-Barrier Options, Discrete Monitoring, Lévy Processes, Spitzer Identity, Wiener-Hopf Factorisation, Hilbert Transform, Fourier Transform, FFT, Z-Transform, Sinc Function, Gibbs Phenomenon, Spectral Filtering
JEL Classification: G12, C02
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation