Upstream, Downstream: Diffusion and Impacts of the Universal Product Code

75 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2017 Last revised: 30 Apr 2020

See all articles by Emek Basker

Emek Basker

U.S. Census Bureau - Center for Economic Studies; University of Missouri - Department of Economics

Timothy Simcoe

Boston University - Questrom School of Business; NBER

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Date Written: November 10, 2017

Abstract

We describe four new lines of inquiry added to the 2017 Economic Census regarding (i) retail health clinics, (ii) management practices in health care services, (iii) self-service in retail and service industries, and (iv) water use in manufacturing and mining industries. These were proposed by economists from the U.S. Census Bureau's Center for Economic Studies in order to fill data gaps in current Census Bureau products concerning the U.S. economy. The new content addresses such issues as the rise in importance of health care and its complexity, the adoption of automation technologies, and the importance of measuring water, a critical input to many manufacturing and mining industries.

Keywords: Universal Product Code, Barcode, Supply Chain, Network Effects, Trademarks

JEL Classification: O33, L11, L60, L81

Suggested Citation

Basker, Emek and Simcoe, Timothy S., Upstream, Downstream: Diffusion and Impacts of the Universal Product Code (November 10, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2995801 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2995801

Emek Basker (Contact Author)

U.S. Census Bureau - Center for Economic Studies ( email )

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University of Missouri - Department of Economics ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://emekbasker.org

Timothy S. Simcoe

Boston University - Questrom School of Business ( email )

595 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA MA 02215
United States

NBER ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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