Countries with Data Privacy Laws – By Year 1973-2016 (Tables)

(2017) 146 Privacy Laws & Business International Report, 18

2 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2017

See all articles by Graham Greenleaf

Graham Greenleaf

University of New South Wales, Faculty of Law

Date Written: April 2, 2017

Abstract

For the 44 years from 1973 to December 2016, 120 countries around the world have enacted new data privacy laws, at an average rate of 2.7 new countries per year (2017 Global Tables of Data Privacy Laws, Privacy Laws & Business International Report, Issue 145, pp. 14-26):

https://ssrn.com/abstract=2992986.

Sub-national laws, and expansions of existing laws, are additional.

The Table in this brief article shows the year-by-year development of these national laws.

Some historical trends noted include the period of take-up by only OECD European countries, plus the USA, the limited expansion until the end of the 1980s, with non-Europe growth limited to public sectors law, plus Israel. The end of the Cold War led to data privacy laws across eastern Europe throughout the 1990s, plus further consolidations including in OECD countries in the Asia-Pacific. From the start of the 2000s, expansion continued in all these regions, and countries in Latin America and Africa started to enact laws. By the end of the decade, middle East and Central Asian countries started to enact laws, and the number of Caribbean laws increased significantly. Since 2010 the average number of new laws per year has increased dramatically.

The years with highest and lowest enactments (sometime nil) are noted.

Keywords: privacy, data protection, global

Suggested Citation

Greenleaf, Graham, Countries with Data Privacy Laws – By Year 1973-2016 (Tables) (April 2, 2017). (2017) 146 Privacy Laws & Business International Report, 18. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2996139

Graham Greenleaf (Contact Author)

University of New South Wales, Faculty of Law ( email )

Sydney, New South Wales 2052
Australia
+61 2 9385 2233 (Phone)
+61 2 9385 1175 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www2.austlii.edu.au/~graham

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