One Global Map But Different Worlds: Worldwide Survey of Human Access to Basic Utilities
Human Ecology 45 (3) 425-429 doi: 10.1007/s10745-017-9904-7
24 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2017
Date Written: June 15, 2017
The paper aims to reveal one integrated global map which points out the major geographical inequalities in providing basic utilities across the countries using multivariate analysis and thematic cartography. Sixteen indicators with global coverage were selected, including waste collection services, sanitation facilities, drinking water sources, energy, electricity, habitat and demographic conditions. Several data are broken down for urban and rural populations in order to outline the rural-urban disparities between and within countries. A special focus is given to waste collection coverage, in order to compute a comprehensive global assessment of this key indicator of public health, which is one of the most poorly monitored basic utilities. The world countries were divided into 10 classes according to the hierarchical cluster analysis. Each class has particular features outlining the gaps between high, middle and low-income countries with direct impact on quality of life, public health, and environment.
Keywords: drinking water, sanitation, waste wanagement, energy, utilities, public policy, pollution, environment, SDGs, human ecology, global inequalities
JEL Classification: Q20; O20018; R10; Q01; L94; L95; L90; O18; I31
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