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Constructing the Ideal Victim in the United States of America's Annual Trafficking in Persons Reports

32 Pages Posted: 5 Jul 2017  

Michael Wilson

Queensland University of Technology - Faculty of Law

Erin O'Brien

Queensland University of Technology - Faculty of Law

Date Written: 2016

Abstract

Human trafficking as a global phenomenon continues to elude accurate quantitative measure, and remains a controversial policy domain significantly influenced by anecdotal evidence. Drawing on the policy analysis framework of Bacchi (1999; 2007) the problem representation of trafficking through narratives can be considered a direct antecedent of contemporary anti-human trafficking policy. This article explores the construction of human trafficking within the Trafficking in Persons Reports, published annually by the United States of America’s Department of State. An examination of the victim and offender narratives contained within the reports published between 2001 and 2012 demonstrates that human trafficking is predominantly represented as a crime committed by ideal offenders against idealized victims, consistent with Christie’s (1986) landmark criteria of ideal victimization. This representation of an ideal prototype has the potential to inform policy that diverts focus from the causative role of global socioeconomic injustice towards criminal justice policies targeting individual offenders.

Keywords: trafficking; ideal victim; TIP Report: Trafficking in Persons Report; human trafficking; victim; narrative; Bacchi; Christie

JEL Classification: K00, K10

Suggested Citation

Wilson, Michael and O'Brien, Erin, Constructing the Ideal Victim in the United States of America's Annual Trafficking in Persons Reports (2016). Crime, Law and Social Change, Vol. 65, No. 1, 2016; QUT – Law and Justice Research Paper No. 17-08. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2996917

Michael Wilson (Contact Author)

Queensland University of Technology - Faculty of Law ( email )

Level 4, C Block Gardens Point
2 George St
Brisbane, QLD 4000
Australia

Erin O'Brien

Queensland University of Technology - Faculty of Law ( email )

Level 4, C Block Gardens Point
2 George St
Brisbane, QLD 4000
Australia

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