The Connection between Professional Sporting Events, Holidays and Domestic Violence in Calgary, Alberta

29 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2017

See all articles by Sophia Boutilier

Sophia Boutilier

Stony Brook University - Department of Sociology, Students

Ali Jadidzadeh

University of Calgary

Elena Esina

University of Calgary

Lana Wells

University of Calgary - The School of Public Policy

Ronald D. Kneebone

University of Calgary - The School of Public Policy; University of Calgary - Department of Economics

Date Written: june 8, 2017

Abstract

There are some days in Calgary, Alta when domestic violence is more likely to happen than other days. There is a statistically significant connection between higher rates of domestic violence and certain Calgary Stampeders’ football games as well as the arrival of the Calgary Stampede. During the 10-day-long Calgary Stampede, domestic violence calls on the seventh, ninth and tenth day of Stampede, were up 15 per cent compared to an average day. Weekends and summer months were also generally associated with the highest rates of domestic violence reports in Calgary.

When it came to Calgary Stampeders’ football games, calls were higher only when the Stampeders faced off against the rival Edmonton Eskimos – with a 15 per cent increase in domestic violence reports. Grey Cup games in which Calgary played were associated with a 40 per cent increase in reports of domestic violence. However, games played by the Calgary Flames seemed to have no relationship to domestic violence calls, even those against the rival Edmonton team.

Also, New Year’s Day appears to be associated with a significant spike in domestic violence, going by a four-year count of phone calls reporting domestic violence to both police and a local help line for those experiencing domestic and sexual abuse. There are also increases in calls associated with Good Friday, Easter, Canada Day, Labour Day, Valentine’s Day and Halloween.

Meanwhile, the 2013 catastrophic floods in Calgary resulted in an increase in reports of domestic violence to police and the Connect help line, averaging an additional 6.6 reported incidents of domestic violence per day during the flood, 14 per cent higher than average.

A correlation was also found in Calgary between the fall in oil prices and the rise in calls, with every US$10 fall in the price of West Texas Intermediate resulting in an extra call for help every two days.

Since reducing domestic violence requires recognizing possible contributing factors and finding ways to counteract their effect, identifying these correlates is the first step to prevention. New places to look, based on these results, are highly charged Stampeder football games, the Calgary Stampede, weekends, summer months and certain holidays.

Based on the study results, the authors recommend increasing publically funded childcare and affordable family outings; working with sporting organizations to better educate and support gender equity, healthy relationship skills and bystander skills; increasing training in social and emotional learning for parents and families; and conducting further research on the role of alcohol in domestic violence.

Keywords: domestic violence, calgary stampede, stampeders, calgary, publically funded childcare, alcohol

Suggested Citation

Boutilier, Sophia and Jadidzadeh, Ali and Esina, Elena and Wells, Lana and Kneebone, Ron, The Connection between Professional Sporting Events, Holidays and Domestic Violence in Calgary, Alberta (june 8, 2017). SPP Research Paper No. Volume 10 • Issue 12 • June 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2997172

Sophia Boutilier

Stony Brook University - Department of Sociology, Students

NY
United States

Ali Jadidzadeh

University of Calgary ( email )

University Drive
Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4
Canada

Elena Esina

University of Calgary

University Drive
Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4
Canada

Lana Wells

University of Calgary - The School of Public Policy

Calgary, Alberta
Canada

Ron Kneebone (Contact Author)

University of Calgary - The School of Public Policy

Calgary, Alberta
Canada

University of Calgary - Department of Economics ( email )

2500 University Drive, NW
Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4
Canada

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