Responsiveness of Atmospheric CO2 to Fossil Fuel Emissions: Updated
19 Pages Posted: 12 Jul 2017
Date Written: July 5, 2017
The IPCC carbon budget concludes that changes in atmospheric CO2 are driven by fossil fuel emissions on a year by year basis. A testable implication of the validity of this carbon budget is that changes in atmospheric CO2 should be correlated with fossil fuel emissions at an annual time scale net of long term trends. A test of this relationship with insitu CO2 data from Mauna Loa 1958-2016 and flask CO2 data from twenty three stations around the world 1967-2015 is presented. The test fails to show that annual changes in atmospheric CO2 levels can be attributed to annual emissions. The finding is consistent with prior studies that found no evidence to relate the rate of warming to emissions and they imply that the IPCC carbon budget is flawed possibly because of insufficient attention to uncertainty, excessive reliance on net flows, and the use of circular reasoning that subsumes a role for fossil fuel emissions in the observed increase in atmospheric CO2.
Keywords: global warming, climate change, fossil fuel emissions, atmospheric carbon dioxide, detrended correlation analysis, AGW, anthropogenic global warming, natural variability, uncertainty, IPCC carbon budget, circular reasoning
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