Immigration Enforcement and Foster Care Placements

45 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2017

See all articles by Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes

Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes

San Diego State University - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Esther Arenas-Arroyo

University of Oxford

Abstract

Tougher immigration enforcement has been responsible for approximately 1.8 million deportations between 2009 and 2013 alone. Children enter the foster care system when their parents are apprehended, deported and unable to care for them. We find that the average increase in interior immigration enforcement over the 2001 through 2015 period contributed to raising the share of Hispanic children in foster care anywhere between 15 and 21 percent. The effects appear to be driven by the implementation of police-based local initiatives linked to deportations, as in the case of the Secure Communities program. Given the revival of police-based immigration enforcement by President Donald Trump, further analyses of its consequences on families are well warranted.

Keywords: immigration enforcement, unauthorized immigration, foster care, United States

JEL Classification: J13, J15, K37

Suggested Citation

Amuedo-Dorantes, Catalina and Arenas-Arroyo, Esther, Immigration Enforcement and Foster Care Placements. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10850. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2998959

Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes (Contact Author)

San Diego State University - Department of Economics ( email )

5500 Campanile Drive
San Diego, CA 92182
United States
619-594-1663 (Phone)
619-594-5062 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Esther Arenas-Arroyo

University of Oxford

58 Banbury Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX2 6QS
United Kingdom

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