Demographic and Mental Health Factors Associated with Pathological Dissociation in a Portuguese Sample

Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 9(3), 369-87. DOI: 10.1080/15299730802139238

Posted: 15 Jul 2017

See all articles by Helena Espirito Santo

Helena Espirito Santo

Instituto Superior Miguel Torga; Universidade de Coimbra - Centro de Investigação do Núcleo de Estudos e Intervenção Cognitivo- Comportamental

Jose Pio-Abreu

Independent

Date Written: February 8, 2008

Abstract

Pathological dissociation has been extensively studied in many countries; however, little is known about it in Portugal. This research examined the role of demographic variables and mental health on dissociation in Portugal. We assessed 505 participants from 6 samples consisting of dissociative patients (n = 37), conversive patients (n = 26), somaticizing patients (n = 59), posttraumatic stress disorder patients (n = 50), other psychiatric patients (n = 174), and nonclinical subjects (n = 159). Dissociation was measured by Portuguese versions of the Dissociative Experiences Scale and Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire; the LEAD procedure and subscales of the Brief Symptom Inventory indicated mental health. Pathological psychological dissociation was significantly more frequent in women, in the youngest of the participants, and in those with less education. Multiple logistic regression revealed that psychoticism, paranoid ideation, and depression symptoms made both men and women more vulnerable to psychological dissociation. Furthermore, psychological dissociation was more probable in men having symptoms of obsession and paranoid ideation and in women having symptoms of psychoticism and paranoid ideation. Pathological somatoform dissociation was significantly more probable in women with less education. Moreover, somatoform dissociation was more likely in women with somatization symptoms and more likely in men with symptoms of somatization and psychoticism. Even though significant associations were found, causal relations could not be established because the study was cross-sectional. 

Keywords: Demographic, Pathological Dissociation, mental health

Suggested Citation

Espirito Santo, Helena and Pio-Abreu, Jose, Demographic and Mental Health Factors Associated with Pathological Dissociation in a Portuguese Sample (February 8, 2008). Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 9(3), 369-87. DOI: 10.1080/15299730802139238, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2999137

Helena Espirito Santo (Contact Author)

Instituto Superior Miguel Torga ( email )

Largo da Cruz de Celas nº1
Coimbra, Coimbra 3000-132
Portugal
239404608 (Phone)

Universidade de Coimbra - Centro de Investigação do Núcleo de Estudos e Intervenção Cognitivo- Comportamental ( email )

Portugal

Jose Pio-Abreu

Independent ( email )

No Address Available
United States

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