What Do Consumers Consider Before They Choose? Identification from Asymmetric Demand Responses

71 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2017 Last revised: 23 Nov 2022

See all articles by Jason Abaluck

Jason Abaluck

Yale School of Management; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Abi Adams-Prassl

University of Oxford - Department of Economics

Date Written: June 2017

Abstract

Consideration set models relax the assumption that consumers are aware of all available options. Thus far, identification arguments for these models have relied either on auxiliary data on what options were considered or on instruments excluded from consideration or utility. In a discrete choice framework subsuming logit, probit and random coefficients models, we prove that utility and consideration set probabilities can be separately identified without these data intensive methods. In full-consideration models, choice probabilities satisfy a symmetry property analogous to Slutsky symmetry in continuous choice models. This symmetry breaks down in consideration set models when changes in characteristics perturb consideration, and we show that consideration probabilities are constructively identified from the resulting asymmetries. In a lab experiment, we recover preferences and consideration probabilities using only data on which items were ultimately chosen, and we apply the model to study hotel choices on Expedia.com and insurance choices in Medicare Part D.

Suggested Citation

Abaluck, Jason and Adams-Prassl, Abi, What Do Consumers Consider Before They Choose? Identification from Asymmetric Demand Responses (June 2017). NBER Working Paper No. w23566, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2999545

Jason Abaluck (Contact Author)

Yale School of Management

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
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Abi Adams-Prassl

University of Oxford - Department of Economics ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

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