On the Uptake of Flexible Working Arrangements and the Association with Human Resource and Organizational Performance Outcomes

19 Pages Posted: 12 Jul 2017

See all articles by Elaine Berkery

Elaine Berkery

University of Limerick

Michael Morley

University of Limerick - Kemmy Business School

Siobhan Tiernan

University of Limerick

Helen Purtill

University of Limerick

Emma Parry

Cranfield School of Management

Date Written: Summer 2017

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify bundles of flexible working arrangements (FWAs) from data provided by 1,064 organizations in seven EU countries, and to relate bundle membership to demographic variables and human resource (HR) and organizational performance outcomes. Using Ward's hierarchical clustering algorithm we identified four distinct bundles of FWAs based on the uptake of twelve individual FWAs across the sample of organizations. Bundle 1 represents organizations engaging in a high level of annual hours contracts; bundle 2 represents more traditional work practices; bundle 3 represents organizations mainly offering shift‐work and bundle 4 represents organizations with a high uptake of flexi‐time. The demographic profile of organizations recorded across each of the four bundles was significantly different. Finally, significant associations were found between the bundle membership and employee turnover (p < 0.001), absenteeism (p < 0.001) and productivity (p < 0.015). The implications of these results are discussed and directions for future research are proposed.

Keywords: performance, HRM, employment contract, productivity, flexible work arrangements, absenteeism, employee turnover, CRANET

Suggested Citation

Berkery, Elaine and Morley, Michael J. and Tiernan, Siobhan and Purtill, Helen and Parry, Emma, On the Uptake of Flexible Working Arrangements and the Association with Human Resource and Organizational Performance Outcomes (Summer 2017). European Management Review, Vol. 14, Issue 2, pp. 165-183, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3000639 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/emre.12103

Elaine Berkery (Contact Author)

University of Limerick

Castletroy, Co
Limerick
Ireland

Michael J. Morley

University of Limerick - Kemmy Business School ( email )

Limerick
Ireland
+353-61-202273 (Phone)
+353-61-202572 (Fax)

Siobhan Tiernan

University of Limerick

Castletroy, Co
Limerick
Ireland

Helen Purtill

University of Limerick

Castletroy, Co
Limerick
Ireland

Emma Parry

Cranfield School of Management ( email )

United Kingdom

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