Continuous Time Model for Notional Defined Contribution Pension Schemes: Liquidity and Solvency
37 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2017 Last revised: 14 Oct 2019
Date Written: June 2, 2019
Notional Defined Contribution (NDC) pension schemes are defined contribution plans which are pay-as-you-go financed. From a design viewpoint, the countries where NDCs have been implemented cannot guarantee sustainability due to the choice of notional return paid to the contributions and the indexation rate paid to pensions. We study how the scheme should be designed to achieve liquidity and solvency with a limited set of assumptions in a continuous overlapping generations model that increases traceability of the results. The adequacy and actuarial fairness are also jointly studied in the numerical example for the population of Belgium. We find that the proposed indexation and notional rate act as automatic balancing mechanisms that ensure sustainability and actuarial fairness. However, the effect on pension adequacy depends on the generosity of the annuity scheme at retirement.
Keywords: Automatic balancing mechanisms, liquidity, solvency, sustainability, fairness, pension, design
JEL Classification: E62, H55, J26
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