Averting Robot Eyes

42 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2017  

Margot E. Kaminski

University of Colorado Law School; Yale University - Yale Information Society Project; Yale University - Law School; University of Colorado at Boulder - Silicon Flatirons Center for Law, Technology, and Entrepreneurship

Matthew Rueben

Oregon State University

Cindy Grimm

Oregon State University

William D Smart

Oregon State University - College of Engineering

Date Written: May 23, 2017

Abstract

Home robots will cause privacy harms. At the same time, they can provide beneficial services — as long as consumers trust them. This Essay evaluates potential technological solutions that could help home robots keep their promises, avert their eyes, and otherwise mitigate privacy harms. Our goals are to inform regulators of robot-related privacy harms and the available technological tools for mitigating them, and to spur technologists to employ existing tools and develop new ones by articulating principles for avoiding privacy harms.

We posit that home robots will raise privacy problems of three basic types: (1) data privacy problems; (2) boundary management problems; and (3) social/relational problems. Technological design can ward off, if not fully prevent, a number of these harms. We propose five principles for home robots and privacy design: data minimization, purpose specifications, use limitations, honest anthropomorphism, and dynamic feedback and participation. We review current research into privacy-sensitive robotics, evaluating what technological solutions are feasible and where the harder problems lie. We close by contemplating legal frameworks that might encourage the implementation of such design, while also recognizing the potential costs of regulation at these early stages of the technology.

Keywords: AI, Robotics, Robots, Privacy, Technology, Law, Privacy Law

Suggested Citation

Kaminski, Margot E. and Rueben, Matthew and Grimm, Cindy and Smart, William D, Averting Robot Eyes (May 23, 2017). Maryland Law Review, Vol. 76, p. 983, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3002576

Margot E. Kaminski (Contact Author)

University of Colorado Law School ( email )

401 UCB
Boulder, CO 80309
United States

Yale University - Yale Information Society Project ( email )

127 Wall Street
New Haven, CT 06511
United States

Yale University - Law School ( email )

P.O. Box 208215
New Haven, CT 06520-8215
United States

University of Colorado at Boulder - Silicon Flatirons Center for Law, Technology, and Entrepreneurship ( email )

Wolf Law Building
2450 Kittredge Loop Road
Boulder, CO
United States

Matthew Rueben

Oregon State University ( email )

Cindy Grimm

Oregon State University ( email )

Bexell Hall 200
Corvallis, OR 97331
United States

William D Smart

Oregon State University - College of Engineering ( email )

101 Covell Hall
Corvallis, OR 97331-240
United States

HOME PAGE: http://oregonstate.edu/~smartw

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