Monetary Policy and Inflation in Brazil (1975-2000): A VAR Estimation
Banco Central do Brasil Working Paper No. 33
35 Pages Posted: 12 Feb 2002
Date Written: November 2001
This paper investigates monetary policy and basic macroeconomic relationships involving output, inflation rate, interest rate, and money in Brazil. Based on a vector autoregressive (VAR) estimation, it compares three different periods: moderately-increasing inflation (1975-1985), high inflation (1985-1994), and low inflation (1994-2000). The main results are the following: (1) monetary policy shocks have significant effects on output; (2) monetary policy shocks do not induce a reduction in the inflation rate in the first two periods, but there are indications that they have gained power to affect prices after the Real Plan was launched; (3) monetary policy does not usually respond rapidly or actively to inflation-rate and output innovations; (4) in the recent period, the interest rate responds intensely to financial crises; (5) positive interest-rate shocks are accompanied by a decline in money in all the three periods; (6) the degree of inflation persistence is substantially lower in the recent period.
Keywords: monetary policy, inflation, interest rate, money, Brazil
JEL Classification: E31, E52
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation