Declining Competition and Investment in the U.S

74 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2017 Last revised: 10 Jun 2021

See all articles by German Gutierrez Gallardo

German Gutierrez Gallardo

New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Students

Thomas Philippon

New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Date Written: July 2017

Abstract

The U.S. business sector has under-invested relative to Tobin's Q since the early 2000's. We argue that declining competition is partly responsible for this phenomenon. We use a combination of natural experiments and instrumental variables to establish a causal relationship between competition and investment. Within manufacturing, we show that industry leaders invest and innovate more in response to exogenous changes in Chinese competition. Beyond manufacturing we show that excess entry in the late 1990's, which is orthogonal to demand shocks in the 2000's, predicts higher industry investment given Q. Finally, we provide some evidence that the increase in concentration can be explained by increasing regulations.

Suggested Citation

Gutierrez Gallardo, German and Philippon, Thomas, Declining Competition and Investment in the U.S (July 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3003721

German Gutierrez Gallardo (Contact Author)

New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Students ( email )

NY
United States

Thomas Philippon

New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance ( email )

Stern School of Business
44 West 4th Street
New York, NY 10012-1126
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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