Disclosure Rules and Declared Essential Patents

69 Pages Posted: 21 Jul 2017

See all articles by Rudi Bekkers

Rudi Bekkers

Eindhoven University of Technology (TUE)

Christian Catalini

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management; Diem Association; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Arianna Martinelli

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa

Cesare Righi

Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Barcelona Graduate School of Economics

Timothy Simcoe

Boston University - Questrom School of Business; NBER

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 18, 2017

Abstract

Many standard setting organizations (SSOs) require participants to disclose patents that might be infringed by implementing a proposed standard, and commit to license their “essential” patents on terms that are at least fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory (FRAND). Data from these SSO intellectual property disclosures have been used in academic studies to provide a window into the standard setting process, and in legal proceedings to assess parties’ relative contributions to a standard. We develop a simple model of the disclosure process to illustrate the link between SSO rules and patent-holder incentives, and examine some of the model’s predictions using a novel dataset constructed from the disclosure archives of thirteen major SSOs. The central message of the paper is that subtle differences in the rules used by different SSOs can influence which patents are disclosed, the terms of licensing commitments, and ultimately long-run citation and litigation rates for the underlying patents.

Keywords: Standards, Compatibility, Patents, Licensing, FRAND

JEL Classification: L15, O31, O34, K41

Suggested Citation

Bekkers, Rudi and Catalini, Christian and Martinelli, Arianna and Righi, Cesare and Simcoe, Timothy S., Disclosure Rules and Declared Essential Patents (July 18, 2017). Boston University Questrom School of Business Research Paper, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3005009 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3005009

Rudi Bekkers

Eindhoven University of Technology (TUE) ( email )

Den Dolech 3, PO Box 513, Room IPO 2.40
Eindhoven, 5600MB
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://home.ieis.tue.nl/rbekkers/

Christian Catalini

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management ( email )

100 Main Street
E62-480
Cambridge, MA MA 02142
United States

HOME PAGE: http://mitsloan.mit.edu/faculty-and-research/faculty-directory/detail/?id=58777

Diem Association ( email )

United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Arianna Martinelli

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa ( email )

Biblioteca Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna
Piazza Martiri della Liberta, n. 33
Pisa, 56127
Italy

Cesare Righi

Universitat Pompeu Fabra ( email )

Carrer de Ramon Trias Fargas 25-27
Jaume I building, room 20.1E34
Barcelona, 08005
Spain

HOME PAGE: http://www.crighi.com

Barcelona Graduate School of Economics ( email )

HOME PAGE: http://www.crighi.com

Timothy S. Simcoe (Contact Author)

Boston University - Questrom School of Business ( email )

595 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA MA 02215
United States

NBER ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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