Provisions on Electronic Commerce in Regional Trade Agreements
WTO Working Paper ERSD-2017-11 (July 2017)
75 Pages Posted: 21 Jul 2017
Date Written: June 2017
This paper reviews the different types of provisions explicitly addressing electronic commerce (e-commerce) in regional trade agreements (RTAs). The analysis covers the 275 RTAs currently in force and notified to the WTO as of May 2017. The analysis shows that e-commerce provisions have become increasingly more detailed but remain highly heterogeneous. The most common types of e-commerce provisions refer to the promotion of e-commerce, cooperation activities and the moratorium on customs duties. Other e-commerce provisions concern the domestic legal framework as well as more specific issues, such as electronic authentication, consumer protection, personal information protection and paperless trading.
Keywords: Electronic commerce, E-commerce, Regional trade agreement, Free trade agreement, International trade
JEL Classification: F13, F53, K33
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