Monetary Policy and Global Banking

55 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2017

See all articles by Falk Bräuning

Falk Bräuning

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Boston

Victoria Ivashina

Harvard University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: 2016-12-23


Global banks use their global balance sheets to respond to local monetary policy. However, sources and uses of funds are often denominated in different currencies. This leads to a foreign exchange (FX) exposure that banks need to hedge. If cross‐currency flows are large, the hedging cost increases, diminishing the return on lending in foreign currency. We show that, in response to domestic monetary policy easing, global banks increase their foreign reserves in currency areas with the highest interest rate, while decreasing lending in these markets. We also find an increase in FX hedging activity and its rising cost, as manifested in violations of covered interest rate parity.

Keywords: global banks, monetary policy transmission, cross‐border lending

JEL Classification: E44, E52, F36, G15, G21, G28

Suggested Citation

Bräuning, Falk and Ivashina, Victoria, Monetary Policy and Global Banking (2016-12-23). FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 17-5. Available at SSRN:

Falk Bräuning (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Boston ( email )

600 Atlantic Avenue
Boston, MA 02210
United States

Victoria Ivashina

Harvard University ( email )

Harvard Business School
Baker Library 233
Boston, MA 02163
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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