Information and the Cost of Capital
44 Pages Posted: 17 Feb 2002
Date Written: November, 2001
We investigate the role of information in affecting a firm's cost of capital. Using a multi-asset rational expectations model, we show that differences in the composition of information between public and private information affect the cost of capital, with investors demanding a higher return to hold stocks with greater private information. This higher return arises because informed investors are better able to shift their portfolio weights to incorporate new information, and uninformed investors are thus disadvantaged. The model demonstrates how in equilibrium the quantity and quality of information affect asset prices, resulting in cross-sectional differences in firms' required returns. We show how a firm can influence its cost of capital by choosing features like accounting treatments, financial analyst coverage, and market microstructure.
JEL Classification: G3, G12, D82
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation