Buy-Side Analysts and Earnings Conference Calls
55 Pages Posted: 27 Jul 2017 Last revised: 26 May 2018
Date Written: May 22, 2018
Companies’ earnings conference calls are perceived to be venues for sell-side equity analysts to ask management questions. In this study, we examine another important conference call participant — the buy-side analyst — that has been underexplored in the literature due to data limitations. Using a large sample of transcripts, we identify 3,834 buy-side analysts from 701 institutional investment firms that participated (i.e., asked a question) on 13,332 conference calls to examine the determinants and implications of their participation. Buy-side analysts are more likely to participate when sell-side analyst coverage is low and dispersion in sell-side earnings forecasts is high, consistent with buy-side analysts participating when a company’s information environment is poor. Institutional investors trade more of a company’s stock in the quarters in which their buy-side analysts participate on the call. Finally, we find evidence that buy-side analyst participation is associated with company-level absolute changes in future stock price, trading volume, institutional ownership, and short interest.
Keywords: Buy-side analysts, institutional investors, sell-side analysts, earnings conference calls
JEL Classification: M41, G10, G30
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation