Supervisory Enforcement Actions and Bank Deposits
63 Pages Posted: 28 Jul 2017 Last revised: 18 Apr 2019
Date Written: April 17, 2019
We assess the effect of formal enforcement actions against banks for safety and soundness reasons on punished banks’ deposits, and then examine whether this effect is caused by demand-side or supply-side forces. To this end, we use hand-collected data on enforcement actions, and bank-quarter data on deposits and other bank characteristics from 2000 through 2014. Our results show that total deposits at punished banks decrease by 8.5% in the post-enforcement year, with uninsured deposits declining by 14.5% and insured deposits falling by 7.4%. We also find that the deposit decline is predominantly caused by demand-side forces, that is, by punished banks’ decision to curtail the asset side of their balance sheet.
Keywords: Enforcement actions, Bank deposits, Depositor monitoring
JEL Classification: G21, G28, G01
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation