Equilibrium Unemployment and Credit Market Imperfections: The Critical Role of Labor Mobility

31 Pages Posted: 21 Feb 2002

See all articles by Erkki Koskela

Erkki Koskela

University of Helsinki - Department of Political and Economic Studies; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Bank of Finland - Research Department; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Rune Stenbacka

Hanken School of Economics

Date Written: January 2002

Abstract

We investigate the interaction between labor and credit market imperfections for the determination of equilibrium unemployment within the framework of the "right-to-manage" approach. Our analysis highlights the critical role of labor mobility for the evaluation of the employment implications of intensified credit market competition. Without labor mobility increased bargaining power of banks will have adverse employment effects. However, with a labor force mobile across industries this relationship is frequently reversed if firms adopt profit sharing schemes. If employment at a fixed wage complements unemployment benefits to constitute the trade union's relevant outside option, intensified credit market competition will increase equilibrium unemployment. This relationship is shown to hold also for cases where the outside option incorporates profit sharing schemes as long as the labor market imperfections measured by the relative bargaining power of the trade unions are sufficiently strong.

Keywords: Wage and Loan Bargaining, Compensation Systems, Equilibrium Unemployment, Outside Options

JEL Classification: J51, J41, G32

Suggested Citation

Koskela, Erkki and Stenbacka, Rune, Equilibrium Unemployment and Credit Market Imperfections: The Critical Role of Labor Mobility (January 2002). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 654. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=301176

Erkki Koskela (Contact Author)

University of Helsinki - Department of Political and Economic Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 54
FIN-00014 Helsinki
Finland
+358 9 191 8894 (Phone)
+358 9 191 8877 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.cesifo.de/servlet/page?_pageid=56&_dad=portal30&_schema=PORTAL30&pa_id=7298

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.CESifo.de

Bank of Finland - Research Department ( email )

P.O. Box 160
FIN-00101 Helsinki
Finland

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Rune Stenbacka

Hanken School of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 479
FI-00101 Helsinki, 00101
Finland
+35 89 4313 3433 (Phone)
+35 89 4313 3382 (Fax)

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