US Monetary Policy Spillovers
HKIMR Working Paper No. 17/2017
42 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2017
Date Written: July 31, 2017
We study international spillover effects of US monetary policy. We use monthly panel data from fifteen major emerging market economies (EMEs), in a period where the countries have a flexible exchange rate regime and are integrated into global financial markets. We show that US monetary policy shocks have significant financial and macroeconomic effects abroad. A contractionary US monetary policy shock leads to an increase in long-term country spread and short-term policy rate, and a depreciation of the exchange rate, of the EMEs. Also, their domestic stock prices and capital inflows into these countries decline. These adverse financial effects are accompanied by a contraction in EME output and an increase in their external balance. The contraction in economic output is stronger, and the increase in external balance weaker, for countries that raise their monetary policy rate by more. These results suggest that US monetary policy spillovers lead to a non-trivial monetary policy trade-off for EMEs and that the classic open economy policy trilemma might be morphing into a policy dilemma.
Keywords: US Monetary Policy Spillovers, Emerging Market Economies, Policy Dilemma vs. Trilemma, Policy Tradeoffs, Panel VAR
JEL Classification: C33, E44, E52, E58, F32, F41
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