A Review Paper on Integral Humanism: Comparison of Deen Dayaal Upadhyay and His Counterparts
International Journal of in Multidisciplinary and Academic Research (SSIJMAR), Vol. 5(2), April 2016
7 Pages Posted: 7 Aug 2017
Date Written: August 3, 2016
Since the inception of human society there was a discussion initiated on the style to live a prosperous life and to make the others (society) living prosperous too. In this regard a number of philosophers, intellectuals, leaders and religious gurus gave their thoughts time to time and added value in the concept. Deen Dayal Upadhyay who was one of the leading Indian philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and political scientist gave the concept of Integral humanism who developed the doctrine of integral humanism. The theme was initially delivered in the form of four lectures in Bombay during April 22-25, 1965. According to him “Humankind had four hierarchically organized attributes of body, mind, intellect and soul which corresponded to four universal objectives, kama (desire or satisfaction), artha (wealth), dharma (moral duties) and moksha (total liberation or 'salvation'). While none could be ignored, dharma is the 'basic', and moksha the 'ultimate' objective of humankind and society. He claimed that the main problem with both capitalist and socialist ideologies is this that they only consider the needs of body and mind, and were hence based on the materialist objectives of desire and wealth”.
Keywords: Deen Dayal Upadhyay, Business Theory
JEL Classification: A29
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation