Does Community Social Capital Affect Asymmetric Cost Behaviour?
49 Pages Posted: 7 Aug 2017 Last revised: 21 Feb 2019
Date Written: February 17, 2019
In this study, we examine the impact of community social capital on asymmetric cost behaviour. Community social capital captures the strength of social norms and the density of social networks in a region. As such, it is a socio-economic factor that might affect managerial resource adjustment decisions via different channels. We find that firms headquartered in U.S. counties with high social capital exhibit significantly less asymmetry in cost behaviour. Community social capital restrains managers from taking opportunistic resource adjustment decisions that would induce cost stickiness. This is in line with our additional finding, that cooperative norms acting in an ethical manner are the dominant channel for our setting, by which community social capital affects cost behaviour. Our results corroborate the important role of managerial discretion in cost behaviour and make a significant contribution in understanding how local environmental factors explain differences in firms’ sticky cost behaviour.
Keywords: Cost Behaviour, Cost Stickiness, Social Capital, Norms, Managerial Opportunism
JEL Classification: A13, M14, M40, M41
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