Graduated Driver Licensing and Teen Fertility

45 Pages Posted: 7 Aug 2017

Date Written: August 5, 2017


This paper evaluates the effect of implementing nighttime driving curfews and passenger restrictions mandated by graduated driver licensing (GDL) on teen fertility. Both components of GDL potentially restrict the freedom and mobility of minor drivers by requiring adult supervision, and therefore reduces opportunities to become pregnant. Using birth data from the National Vital Statistics (NVSS) and a triple differences approach, I find that the implementation of GDL decreased fertility by 4% among mothers between the ages of 16 and 18, relative to women who were not affected by GDL at the time of conception. This effect is driven by the states that require driving curfews for at least a year before teenagers can obtain their unrestricted drivers license.

Keywords: teen pregnancy, fertility, risky sex, graduated driver licensing

JEL Classification: J1, J13, J18, R00

Suggested Citation

Deza, Monica, Graduated Driver Licensing and Teen Fertility (August 5, 2017). Available at SSRN: or

Monica Deza (Contact Author)

CUNY Hunter College ( email )

United States

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